George Gurdjieff
George GurdjieffJanuary 13, 1872 - October 29, 1949
George Ivanovich Gurdjieff /ˈɡɜrdʒiˌɛf/ (January 13, 1866–1877? - October 29, 1949), also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and G. I. Gurdjieff, was an influential spiritual teacher of the early to mid-20th century who taught that most humans live their lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep", but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential. Gurdjieff developed a method for doing so, calling his discipline "The Work" (connoting "work on oneself") or "the Method". According to his principles and...